Sri Dalada Maligawa,

as Known as Temple of the Tooth is where the left tooth of the Buddha’s set. The present Dalada Maligawa situated in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. “During the Kandyan Kingdom (1592 to 1815), 

it was housed inside the imperial royal residence complex. The Sri Dalada Maligawa first worked by King Wimaladharmasooriya (1592 – 1604). The Sri Dalada Maligawa, which he constructed, was pulverized by the Portuguese intruders.

The present old two celebrated royal residences worked by King Sri Weeraprakrama Narendrasinghe (1707 – 1739). even the Tamil rulers of “the Nayakkar” line, 

who stayed with the sanctuary created and saved the Dalada Maligawa. Kandy city, where the Temple of the Tooth is situated, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Malwatte and Asgiri priests offer penances to the holy Tooth Relic every day. This Pooja (Theva) performed three times each day (morning, evening, and night). On Wednesdays, the Nanamura Festival held as an exceptional pooja. The Tooth Relic’s emblematically washed in sweet-smelling water. It accepted that the shower water has a recuperating impact.

Different names

It appears that the Dalada Maligawa, Dhatusara, Daladage, Dalada Mandiraya, and Dalada Maligawa were known by name. 

The Sacred Tooth Relic

From days of yore, the individuals acknowledged that the ruler of the nation ought to be responsible for the relics and tooth relics. Along these lines, the lords of the past ensured the sacred Tooth Relic and the Tooth Relic. What happened to the sacred relics after the medieval period

remains a mystery. The Tooth Relic” continues elusive.

Area of the Temple of the Tooth

The Temple of the Tooth Relic situated in the Senkadagala Royal Complex. The Udawattakele wilderness encompasses the realm of Kandy toward the east, Hanthana mountain range toward the east, and Bhairava Kanda to the next. It is sufficiently rich to develop any yield. New city, Medamahanuwara, Hanguranketha, Nilambe, Senkadagala, and Gale town are the ensured territories of the Dalada.

History of the Temple of the Tooth

In the early days, Kandy is known as “Sri Senkanda Beneficiary Sri Vardhanapura.” Siriwardena, child in-law of King Parakramabahu IV (302-1326 AD) of the Kingdom of Dambadeni, 

was the leader of the realm. In 1312, a town called Senkadagala Siriwardanapuraya set up close to the region currently known as Katupulle. Another legend says that the city named after a Brahmin named Senkanda, and the name Senkanda, 

the goddess of lord Vikramabahu III, depended on a red shading stone called Senkadagala. The Natha Devalaya for the Goddess Dalada and Lokeshwara Natha Deva of Vikramabahu III, 

(1357-1374 AD) was the leader of the Gampola realm. Asgiriya Vihara, as referenced in the Yasgiri Paltha, was likewise begun.

These are the most seasoned structures in Kandy. Senaka Wickremabahu (1469-1511 AD), slid from the Gampola imperial family, named as Senkadagala Pura. He was the author of the Kandyan Kingdom. The Buddha’s bowl relics have rendered an extraordinary help by distributing a chaitya, a two celebrated poya house, 86 priests, 

and offering hallowed relics and statues. The primary lord of Seethawaka, Jayaweera (1511-1552 AD), Karaliyadda Bandara (1552-1582 AD), Wimaladharmasuriya (1590-1604 AD), 

the last ruler of the Sinhalese, Sri Wickrema Rajasinghe (1798-1815 AD) 10 have assumed control over the Kandyan Kingdom. It was the lord’s duty to secure the sacred Tooth Relic. Lord Wimaladharmasooriya II made a three famous castle and assembled the Magul Madhu and Paththirippuwa Devendra and Mulachariya.

Structures of the Temple of the Tooth

  1. The Palace of Work
  2. The new royal residence
  3. Paththirippuwa

Built between 1805 and 1812; Alakeshwara Dingirippu alias Devendra Mulachari did the architectural design.

The Four Great Temples

The four first sanctuaries in the Dalada Maligawa are known as the four extraordinary sanctuaries. These are the four devalas known as Sri Vishnu, Sri Kataragama, Sri Pattini. Aside from the Kataragama Devalaya, the rest situated inside the Senkadagala Royal Complex. These four places of worship are significant in the four Dalada Maligawa.

Natha Devalaya

The Vishnu Devale

Kataragama Devalaya

Pattini Devala

The Four Feasts of the Tooth Relic

The Senkadagala Dalada Maligawa has four antiquated celebrations.

  1. The New Rice Festival
  2. New Year’s Eve
  3. The Esala Festival
  4. The Carnatic Festival

Designation of Diyawadana Nilame

This position, which appointed by ancient kings, transformed by the rule of feudal lords into a system of feudalism. The Diyawadana Nilame will always have priority in the service rendered by the Sri Dalada Maligawa. The present Diyawadana Nilame appointed under the 19th K 1919.

When the Kandyan rule came to the English Kapuwatte, Adikaram Nilame appointed Diyawadana Nilame from 1814 to 1824. Nineteen Diyawadana Nilames have held this magnificent post, beginning with Kapuwatte Adikaram Nilame and as the 19th Diyawadana Nilame. The. Pradeep Nilanga Dela Diyawadana Nilame, who appointed on 1st July 2005, still holds this position.

Diyawadana Nilame, The nickname for the Diyawadana Nilame, comes from the Kandyan period. The Dhatuwakkadhikari post appears as the first rank in the Dawavamsa relating to the Tooth Relic. A post by the name of Hiripitiye Diwanilame is mentioned in the last section of the Kotte and at the Seethawaka Delgamu Rajamaha Viharaya.

The name “Rale” and the name “Diyawadanarala” in the book ‘Gnanasara Dharana’ and ‘Diyawadanarala’ in the Kandyan Vitthis and many other variants appear to have used as Divinarala and Diyawadanarala during the Kotte period. Diwanilame, Diyanilame too, is also widely used in the Diyawadana Nilame.

It believed that there were three posts of Diyawadana Nilame in respect of the ancient Kandy Mahavasala. When the King arrived at the Sri Dalada Maligawa, the Diyawadana Nilame and the King in charge of the Pallewahala bathhouse of the queens and princes were in charge of the bathing of the King’s palace. To perform Nanu Ping and so on, Diyawadana Nilame appointed to the Liga.

Prof. Anuradha Seneviratne, in his Gnanadarshana stating that before; the King performed, the Dalada rituals, ‘the King had entrusted, with the bathing of the hands of the Dalada’.

‘Dr Charles Godakumbure presumes that there was a minister; ‘who was in charge of water before, the Kandyan era. ‘people believed that ‘the Tooth Relic had the power to provide rain and the prosperity, and prosperity of the country. He added that it was on this belief that the kings had given special attention to the development of the water and created a particular post. Dr Godakumbure predicts that the Diyawadana Nilame may have been the Minister of Water Resources Development at the time of Kandy.

Much of Diyawadana Nilame’s role transformed to present-day by English rulers who relieved of their state responsibilities. 1853 After the lay custody of the Tooth Relic entrusted to the Diyawadana Nilame.

The Diyawadana Nilame is the golden principle custodian of the Dalada Maligawa. After 1853, the responsibility of the King as the sole lay trustee of the Tooth Relic entrusted, 

to the Diyawadana Nilame. The Tooth Relic is the key to the protection of the Tooth Relic, 

the Golden Key of the Tooth Relic. In collaboration with the Most Venerable Mahanayaka Thero of Malwatte and Asgiri Maha Viharaya, the Dhamma Monks are conducting the rituals, 

providing the necessary facilities with the Theravada Bhikkhus for the continuation of the routines and rituals performed in the sacred Tooth Relic.

Let them perform their duties well by giving and directing their affairs All the customs and rituals associated with the other four festivals, including the four anniversaries, carried out by traditional customs, the safekeeping of the immovable property of the Sri Dalada Maligawa; 

Duties of the Diyawadana Nilame include disciplinary action, etc. Mahareki. The Buddhists recognize Diyawadana Nilame as the leader of the Buddhist community. He expected to fulfil responsibilities of the leadership of the Dalada Maligawa without violating the tradition of the Sampradaya. 

Prepare annual budget estimates properly. ‘ also obliged, to submit to the Commissioner of, Buddhist Affairs.

The term of office of a Diyawadana Nilame is ten years.

Today, the Diyawadana Nilame of Sri Dalada Maligawa acclaimed as a symbol of Buddhist leadership. As a lay guardian of the Sacred Tooth Relic, he has entrusted with religious, national, and religious responsibilities. As such, the role of the present Diyawadana Nilame is much more comprehensive. Orthodox customs and practices


The Dalada Maligawa houses a three-story exhibition hall. The accompanying ancient rarities put in it.

  • The Statue of Samadhi
  • Old relics
  • The impression of the Buddha
  • Silver Art
  • The ground floor of the royal residence complex
  • Lord Keerthi Sri Rajasinghe’s changing area

The town has become a World Heritage City, including Sri Dhatu Mandiraya, Malwathu Asgiri Ubhaya Maha Viharaya, Vishnu, Kataragama, Pattini, Natha Devalaya, and Kiri Muda assumed name Bogambara Wewa.


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